Imagine that you lived in the seventeenth century, in a world that favored planet earth has the center of the universe (geocentricism) and some "lunatics" chased by the Church where saying that the sun was the center not the earth (they defended Copernicus theory).
Until one day, an astronomer improved an astrological instrument called the telescope and was able to see things outside planet earth that others couldn't at the time. One of his conclusions was that in fact the sun is the center of the solar system and the earth and other planets revolve around it (heliocentricism).
How would you react to it? Imagine how people felt? And worst, imagine the Catholic Church reaction, keep in mind that at the time they defended Biblical references such as:
- "the world is firmly established, it cannot be moved.",
- "the Lord set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved.",
- "And the sun rises and sets and returns to its place."[
Well this sums up the controversy about a famous Italian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and physicist called Galileo Galilei. His life was marked by criticism around his achievements and studies. Galileo Galilei accomplishments culminated with him being tried in 1615 by the Inquisition and found suspect of heresy, the sentence was house arrest for the remainder of his life.
Today we all take for granted that the sun is the center of the solar system, Galileo is regarded has the "Father of Modern Science", the Catholic Church issued declarations acknowledging the errors committed towards Galileo's sentence, and Galileo has it's own museum "The Museo Galileo". Done deal!
Those are the Galileo Galilei facts. Now, in this museum with his own name, there are many artifacts, among them, one in special...
It was removed from Galileo's body when its remains were transported to a new burial area in 1737.
It contains an inscription on the case:
"Leipsiana ne spernas digiti, quo dextera coeli
Mensa vias, numquam visos mortalibus orbes
Mostravit, parvo fragilis molimine vitri
Ausa prior facinus, cui non Titania quondam
Sufficit pubes congestis montibus altis
Nequidquam superas sonata ascendere in arces."
"This is the finger, belonging to the illustrious hand
that ran through the skies,
pointing at the immense spaces, and singling out new stars,
offering to the senses a marvelous apparatus
of crafted glass,
and with wise daring they could
reach where neither Enceladus nor Tiphaeus ever reached."
This cost him freedom in his lifetime, but greatness for the ages.
How many of us are ready to do make this types of choices?
Most people would go against what they believed in, in order to have freedom, not Galileo!
A question remains, why the middle finger and not the index finger? There's no official explanation to it, it's anyone's guess. The question is legit, because when you point at something you use the index not the middle, the index finger is also known as the pointer finger by a reason. Extending the middle finger in most societies is considered to be offensive and obscene, how does this fits to today's story?
Will take our chances, maybe...Galileo is still "giving the finger" to all of those who doubted him, the earth revolves around the sun,
"And yet it still moves!"